Le 11 mai 2022

The unknown words of the world of ready-to-wear

There are many words whose existence or meaning is unknown. This is also the case in the ready-to-wear sector. Discover a small selection!

  • Anaxyride

Name given to the principle of trousers (clothing covering each leg separately) by the Persians.

  • Buckle tongue

Element of a fastening system consisting of a buckle and a row of eyelets. The barb is the point, usually metallic, attached to the center of a belt buckle, so that it can pivot and slide into an eyelet.

  • Balandran

Conical rain cape, fitted at the shoulders and gradually flaring to the knees. It had two slits to pass the arms.

  • Frog closing

Attachment system consisting of a strap and a trimming button, of variable size. They are decorative elements used for military or folk clothing.

  • Kalasiris

Egyptian garment consisting of a sleeveless tubular tunic, in finely pleated linen. The kalasiris was trimmed xith fringe at the hem.

  • Tunic casaque

Kind of short sleeved tunic. It is not loose and has a rather straight cut, rarely adjusted.

  • Casaquin, short gown

Term designating a small historical jacket fitted on the bust and with peplum. The casaquin closes on the front by means of all kinds of fastening system.

  • Crinoline

Feminine piece of clothing consisting of a long, rigid petticoat, fitted at the waist and flaring out massively at the bottom. It was used to model the silhouette of the skirt.

  • Coutes

Part of the cuff wrapping the elbow and serving as a junction piece between the cannon of the forearm and the cannon of the rear arm. Its curved shape fitted the elbow during arm movements.

  • Dolman, hussar's jacket

Jacket, cut and made to suit, with the following characteristics :

- A fitted line that follows the shape of the bust and a length around the waist

- Long sleeves

- A closing system with buttons adorned with grogs (or braids)

- Sometimes fur facing on the collar and cuffs.

  • Rustling

Qualifies a garment that produces a slight rustle when its fabric is brushed against or crumpled.

Also qualifies any garment trimmed with fairly wide ruffles.

  • To pucker

Term for a seam defect. A seam or item of clothing that scratches has small unsightly wrinkles or a succession of small beaks.

  • Herruruelo

Loose cape with a turn-down collar. It was worn by Spanish gentlemen and bourgeaois in the past.

  • Himation

Outer garment consisting of a large piece of cloth draped around the body with a flap over the left shoulder. It was adopted by all the inhabitants, men or women, of the cities during Greek antiquity.

  • Houppelande

Very ample coat characterized by the lared line of its body and its sleeves which form large triangles. The inner side of each sleeve can be joined to the body of the garment, giving the overcoat the appearance of a cape or, more frequently, being independent and therefore flounced.

  • Drawstring

Link slipped in a series of holes or in a hollow strip forming a tunnel, called slide, then pulled and tied on order to tighten a garment or part of a garment. Moreover, it is used in some product sheets.

  • Half-belt, martingale

Tab fixed horizontally, in the back of a garment, at the level of the belt (between the waist and the hips).

It is in a way, a substitute for the belt because its purpose is either to slightly bend the garment, or to mark the waist line on a slightly curved garment.

  • Appliqué

Large decorative band cut from an ornate fabric (brocade, lace, etc.) and applied to dresses.

  • Petticoat breeches

Particularly loose-fitting breeches, long at the knee and floating on the legs like a culotte skirt. It is emblematic of the fashions under Louis XIV.

  • Farthingale

Feminine piece of clothing consisting of a circled petticoat intended to model the silhouette of the skirt. The farthingale attaches around the waist by means of a tie.

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